Some countries require transgender people to undergo sterilization before gaining legal recognition of their gender, a practice that Juan E.
Méndez, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment cites as a violation of the Yogyakarta Principles.
In May 2014, the World Health Organization, OHCHR, UN Women, UNAIDS, UNDP, UNFPA and UNICEF issued a joint statement on Eliminating forced, coercive and otherwise involuntary sterilization, An interagency statement.
The report references the involuntary sterilization of a number of specific population groups.
In Ecoscience, in the chapter entitled "The Human Predicament: Finding A Way Out", the authors speculate about pharmaceuticals that might be developed to sterilize people.
Some partial fulfillments of these predictions are the birth control drugs in Norplant and Depo-Provera. One can further speculate about pharmaceuticals designed to permanently sterilize the gestating human fetus in utero.
In the first half of the 20th century, several such programs were instituted in countries around the world, usually as part of eugenics programs intended to prevent the reproduction of members of the population considered to be carriers of defective genetic traits. The last is counted as an act of genocide under the Statute of Rome.
They include: Human population planning is the practice of artificially altering the rate of growth of a human population.
Historically, human population planning has been implemented by limiting the population's birth rate, usually by government mandate, and has been undertaken as a response to factors including high or increasing levels of poverty, environmental concerns, religious reasons, and overpopulation.
About 3,000 women and men were planned to be sterilized on 16 December 1982 (the opening day).
Ershad's government trained 1,200 doctors and 25,000 field workers who must conduct two tubal ligations and two vasectomies each month to earn their salaries.Bangladesh has a long running government operated civilian exploitative sterilization program as a part of its population control policy, where poor women and men are mainly targeted.